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Almost all low-back pain can be attributed to a 'rounded' lower back. What this means is that instead of having an arch that in a sense makes your butt stick out, your lower back rounds during exercise making you look like the Hunchback of Notre Dame. Avoid this at all costs, please!
The shape of your spine should look like a thin 'S' shape, starting from your head and going down to your butt. When people exercise/workout, this 'S' shape should truly be staying the same and not turning into a 'C' shape. Ooh, no. A good tip to remember when exercising is to remember that your lower back should never be rounded. Always keep an arch so that you will avoid stressing any of the discs in your spine, ensuring that your spine will function properly and allow you to not have any low-back pain.
Excellent advice. Easy to remember while sitting at my computer because it's simple.
1. I believe you are referring to your thoracic spine when you mention the hunch back of Notre Dame. How exactly do you have a rounded back while exercising? Do you mean a flat lumbar spine?
2. There are several other more serious reasons apart from a loss of curvature in the lumbar spine that causes lower back pain. You can refer to WebMD for examples. This is very important to know because if untreated they can have debilitating consequences.